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Migration & Urbanization in China

Migration & Urbanization in China. Prof. Jessica Teets, Middlebury College. Program for Teaching East Asia at University of Colorado and National Consortium for Teaching about Asia (NCTA), January 2017.

Source: Youtube

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat.

MIT, Brazil, and the Challenge of Housing

The School of Architecture and Planning and the Norman B. Leventhal Center for Advanced Urbanism (LCAU) at MIT have established a long-term initiative to rethink the future of affordable housing in Brazil, which faces an estimated shortage of 7 million units.

“The affordable housing gap — already a significant problem in Brazil — is growing wider,” says Gabriel Kozlowski, an architect and researcher who is part of the LCAU team. “Rethinking the architecture as well as the urban and economic models currently being implemented in the housing sector in Brazil is the first step toward providing better living conditions for millions of residents.”

The initiative is a combined effort among Brazilian academic institutions, research labs, and the private sector, in collaboration with MIT. The core local participants include the School of Architecture and Urbanism of São Paulo (FAU-USP); Arq.Futuro, Brazil’s largest platform devoted to the study and discussion of cities and urbanization; and the Institute of Urbanism and Studies for the Metropolis (URBEM), a “do-tank” for the conceptualization and implementation of large-scale urban development projects in São Paulo and other global cities.

Several other Brazilian institutions are joining the initiative, including INSPER, São Paulo’s leading center of education and research in the fields of business and economics, and the two largest private organizations representing the real estate sector in the state of São Paulo: the São Paulo State Housing Syndicate, SECOVI, and the Brazilian Association of Real Estate Companies, ABRAINC.

Two events in São Paulo this fall marked the beginning of this engagement. In October, FAU-USP hosted MIT School of Architecture and Planning Dean Hashim Sarkis for a public lecture, which took the form of a conversation about the new housing initiative and the opening of his exhibition, “The World According to Architecture,” mounted in the school’s gallery.

In November, Arq.Futuro, in partnership with the UN Habitat and the São Paulo State Secretariat for Urban Development, organized a two-day symposium entitled “Economy and the City: Housing and Urban Development.” With 40 speakers, the event aimed to open a discussion on the current state and new possibilities for affordable housing in Brazil.

“As a result of a series of economic and political practices, housing is a theme that was clearly left aside by architecture during these last decades,” says Kozlowski, who represented MIT at the event. “I believe this research collaboration is not only necessary but also symbolic for structuring an in-depth conversation on the future of affordable housing in Brazil to help reverse the current situation.”

The symposium also featured a video conversation between Sarkis and Adèle Naudé Santos, a professor in the MIT Department of Architecture and the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, discussing the significance of housing research for Brazil and MIT’s role and vision for this collaboration.

Research activities will commence in 2017. During the spring — supported by a five-year grant offered by the São Paulo Research Foundation — the architecture school FAU-USP will gather a team of faculty and researchers led by architect Angelo Bucci to engage in a long-term project on housing.

“Housing is the primordial and most permanent theme of architecture,” says Bucci. “It is of the highest relevance to promote a cycle of research and debate that addresses new architectural designs necessary for today’s cities.”

The framework of the research is being developed in collaboration with MIT, which will also exchange faculty and students for short research periods over the next five years. During summer 2017, Santos will take MIT students to São Paulo for a workshop as part of the LCAU biennial theme of housing.

“We intend to design a community on an urban infill site that has reasonable access to facilities needed by the residents,” says Santos. “The housing should be flexible to accommodate different household formations, support income-generating activities, and through the shared spaces and amenities foster a sense of community. This will be a new neighborhood typology and an innovative building type, spatially, and technologically. The challenges are large, but we expect that the MIT team working with their Brazilian counterparts will bring bold thinking, rigor, and creativity to affordable urban housing solutions.”

Source: news.mit.edu

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat.

NewCities Summit 2017 - Building an Inclusive Urban EcoSystem
Published on 18 Jul 2017

One upcoming challenge is to address the endemic inequalities and social exclusion worsened by rapid urbanization. What are the best examples of inclusive cities? How can we ensure local governments have the capacity to respond to the needs of vulnerable communities? Can technology help eradicate exclusion of the marginalized? Can cities become laboratories for change?

Speakers:
Tunji John Asaolu, Chairperson, Committee on Social Affairs and Health, African Union ECOSOCC
Eyal Feder, Chief Executive Officer, ZenCity
Archana Vemulapalli, Chief Technology Officer, Washington DC
Roshaan Wolusmal, Mayor, Kandahar

Moderated By: Vatsal Bhatt, Director of Cities and Neighborhood Developments, U.S. Green Building Council

Source: Youtube

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat. 

NewCities Summit 2017 - Clean and Healthy Transport Systems
Published on 18 Jul 2017

Reducing CO2 emissions of urban transport is key to fighting climate change. The lack of mass transit systems cause the worst cases of congestion and air pollution, forcing people to use personal vehicles, or informal, unregulated options, over public options. How do we improve accessibility of urban mobility while reducing CO2 emissions? Where does walkability fit in?

Speakers
Priscilla Baek, Policy Lead for Asia and Head of Policy for Korea, Uber
William Chernicoff, Senior Manager, Global Research & Innovation, Toyota Mobility Foundation
Emmanuel Vivant, CEO, RATP Dev Transdev Asia & Managing Director, Hong Kong Tramways
Philippe Yvin, Chief Executive Officer, Société du Grand Paris

Moderated By: John Rossant, Chairman, NewCities

For more information on the NewCities Summit in Songdo: http://www.newcitiessummit2017.org/

Source: Youtube

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat. 

NewCities Summit 2017 - Flexible and Resilient City Services
Published on 18 Jul 2017

Urbanites’ needs change constantly but city governments and public service providers must always be able to efficiently meet them. How can adaptability be built into traditional city services? What steps can be taken to ensure that cities are able to effectively foresee and plan for new needs rather than simply react to them? Who is responsible for these services?

Speakers
Lianne Dalziel, Mayor, Christchurch
Devin de Vries, Co-founder, WhereIsMyTransport 
Rahul Gupta, Principal, Capital Projects and Infrastructure, PwC
Khaidzir Abdul Rasip, Senior Vice President, Urban Observatory, Iskandar Regional Development Authority

Moderated By:
Arvind Satyam, Managing Director, Business Development - Smart+Connected Communities, Cisco

For more information on the NewCities Summit in Songdo: http://www.newcitiessummit2017.org/

Source: Youtube

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat. 

NewCities Summit 2017 - Global Connectivity and the Success of Cities
Published on 18 Jul 2017

Second, third and fourth-tiered cities will absorb most of the new urban population, and will therefore hold a great role in their national economies. How can we increase their connectivity to other levels of economy? What challenges do these cities face in accessing global markets? What is the impact of greater connectivity on a city's planning, infrastructure, economy, and attractivity?

Speakers
Olivier Biancarelli, Managing Director, Decentralized Solutions for Cities & Territories, ENGIE
Anthony Fernandes, Chief Executive Officer, AirAsia
Elisabeth Le Masson, Delegate for Economic Promotion and Jobs Creation, Aéroports de Paris
Roshaan Wolusmal, Mayor, City of Kandahar

Moderated By: Greg Lindsay, Senior Fellow, NewCities

For more information on the NewCities Summit in Songdo: http://www.newcitiessummit2017.org/

Source: Youtube

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat. 

NewCities Summit 2017 - Understanding Urban Wellbeing
Published on 18 Jul 2017

While cities offer the promise of improved economics and access to services, rapid urbanization has placed unbalanced pressure on the budgets and reach of city governments. It is essential we start designing cities as ecosystems of wellbeing, but what does this imply and what defines a ‘healthy city’.

Speakers:
Vera Baboun, Former Mayor of Bethlehem
Ede Jorge Ijjasz-Vasquez, Senior Director of the Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice, World Bank
Michel Mossessian, Founder and Design Principal, Mossessian Architecture

Moderated By:
Paula Hancocks, International Correspondent, CNN

For more information on the NewCities Summit in Songdo: http://www.newcitiessummit2017.org/

Source: Youtube

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat. 

Presidential Documentary on Human Settlements and Urbanization in Africa
Published on 9 Feb 2017

Urbanization in Africa is progressing rapidly. The continent’s rate of urbanization soared from 15 percent in 1960 to 40 percent in 2010, and is projected to reach 60 percent in 2050. It is expected that urban populations in Africa will triple in the next 50 years, transforming the profile of the region, and challenging policy makers to harness the urbanization phenomenon for sustainable and inclusive growth and development.

There is now a growing appreciation that it is impossible to deal with Africa’s growth and poverty challenges without managing urbanization. Inspired by the strategy document “Optimizing the Urban Advantage”, which emerged from the fourth edition of the African Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (AMCHUD4) in 2012, and guided by the African Union’s Agenda 2063, the Africa Urban Agenda Programme (AUA) aims to raise the profile of urbanization as a force for the structural transformation of Africa.

Source: Youtube

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat.

Rapid Urbanization and Water Conservation | Dr. T.V. Ramachandra

Dr.T V Ramachandra’s research interests are in the area of energy systems, renewable energy, energy conservation, energy planning, aquatic ecosystems, biodiversity, ecological modelling, geo-informatics, environmental engineering education research and curriculum development at the tertiary level. He has delivered a number of plenary lectures at national and international conferences. Publication “Milking diatoms for energy” is seminal work in biofuel research evident from reports in Scientific American, BBC, national dailies. Dr. TVR has travelled widely across the country for field research and also for delivering lectures at Schools and Colleges. He has taken initiatives through biannual symposium (popular as Lake series), training programmes and workshops for capacity building at various levels. Details of research, environment education and outreach programmes. Dr. T.V. Ramachandra, FIE, FIE(UK) obtained Ph.D. in Ecology and Energy from Indian Institute of Science. At present, Coordinator of Energy and Wetlands Research Group (EWRG), Convener of Environmental Information System (ENVIS) at Centre for Ecological Sciences (CES). During the past fifteen years, he has established an active school of research in the area of energy and environment (http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy). He was a Member of Karnataka State level Environment Expert Appraisal Committee (2007-2010), appointed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and a member of Western Ghats task force appointed by the Government of Karnataka. He is a recipient of Energy Legend (2011), Energy Engineer ((international) 2009) of Association of Energy Engineers (USA), Johny Biosphere Award for Ecology and Environment (2004) and Satish Dhawan Young Scientist Award, 2007 of Karnataka State Government. TVRs research interests are in the area of energy systems, renewables. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Source: TEDxIIMBangalore

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat. 

Rapid Urbanization: Air and Water Quality(Patricia Alvarez)

Source: Youtube

This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat.

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