Knowledge Articles, best practices, books & publications, case studies, legislation, research

Posted on Thursday, January 19, 2017 - 14:51
This report is ECF’s second calculation of the internal and external benefits of cycling linked to the current level of cycling in the EU-28. It is an extended and updated version of the first report published in 2013. The calculations have been updated with the latest available figures; in some cases, the methodologies for calculating the benefits have been refined taking into account the... Read more
Posted on Wednesday, January 18, 2017 - 15:07
We live in a datafied world. Governments use data to measure the impact and efficiency of evidence-based policies. Businesses mine vast amounts of data to research markets and understand their clients. Individuals are organising their social life through media enabling to capture, collect and communicate more information on their beliefs and actions than ever before. The United Nations called... Read more
Posted on Wednesday, January 18, 2017 - 14:55
Conservation has traditionally been an exercise in localism. Trees are planted to restore local forests damaged by human activity, fire or floods. Grasses and shrubs are placed as buffers between agricultural fields and water sources to reduce soil and chemical runoff. These nature-based activities are not typically viewed as critical components to solving global challenges like climate change... Read more
Posted on Tuesday, January 17, 2017 - 16:24
Small towns are an essential but often-neglected element of rural landscapes and food systems. They perform a number of essential functions, from market nodes to providers of services and goods and non-farm employment to their own population as well as that of the wider surrounding region. In demographic terms, they represent about half of the world’s urban population, and are projected to... Read more
Posted on Tuesday, January 17, 2017 - 15:14
2017 holds promise for Africa. Despite the troubles of 2016—political turmoil in the Gambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, continuing violence in South Sudan and Nigeria, drought in southern Africa, low commodity prices, and lowered growth outlooks—I enter 2017 with a positive attitude. So many of these serious challenges are those which Africa has weathered before and come out... Read more
Posted on Tuesday, January 17, 2017 - 10:53
Urbanization has both benefits and costs. In a market economy, the trade-off between benefits and costs determines the level, speed, and pace of urbanization. This paper summarizes research findings on how urbanization enhances productivity and economic growth in both rural and urban sectors, taking the case of India. We study the relationship between urbanization and growth in the Indian... Read more
Posted on Tuesday, January 17, 2017 - 10:13
Global socio-economic, demographic and technological forces which HP calls Megatrends will have a sustained and transformative impact on businesses, societies, economies, cultures and our personal lives in unimaginable ways in the years to come.  Image: slideshare.net Source: slideshare.net This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway... Read more
Posted on Monday, January 16, 2017 - 16:21
Executive Summary More than 60 percent of refugees worldwide are now estimated to live in urban areas, and increasingly humanitarian agencies are expanding their focus to become engaged with refugees and displaced persons living in cities and towns. Policy and operational shifts are underway, with emphasis on expanding access to protection, self-reliance and essential services among refugees who... Read more
Posted on Thursday, January 12, 2017 - 10:30
In this paper, we explore the relationship between land policies and urbanization in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). We analyze the land policies associated with urbanization, and summarize findings related to central and local government involvement in the process of urbanization. In particular, we explore the relationship between urbanization and land leasing. We find that the... Read more
Posted on Wednesday, January 11, 2017 - 09:47
What would make waiting for the bus more bearable when the temperature dips below -20 C? It’s a routine scenario in Edmonton, and one that civic leaders are taking seriously as both a challenge to quality of life and an opportunity to develop distinctively urban winter experiences. Perhaps heaters could cut the chill at transit shelters or colourful lighting could brighten the streetscape. What... Read more

Pages